The Blood cells and hematopoietic tissues

  • 573 Pages
  • 3.12 MB
  • English

McGraw-Hill , New York
Blood cells., Hematopoietic system., Blood cells -- Cytology., Blood cells -- Physiology., Hematopoietic system -- Anatomy and histology., Hematopoietic system -- Physio
StatementLeon Weiss.
ContributionsWeiss, Leon, 1925-
LC ClassificationsQP94 .H54
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 573, 11 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4542426M
ISBN 100070691010
LC Control Number77009321

The goal of this book is to provide students with a foundation in the area of blood disorders that they can build on as they train to become physicians and/or research scientists. In this chapter, we will start by describing the cast of characters—the blood, the primary blood-forming (hematopoietic) tissues, and the secondary hematopoietic.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "A Blakiston publication." "This book consists entirely of chapters taken from Weiss and Greep's Histology, fourth edition.".

Blood cells and hematopoietic tissues. New York: Elsevier, © (OCoLC) Online version: Weiss, Leon, Blood cells and hematopoietic tissues. New York: Elsevier, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Leon Weiss. STEM CELLS, a peer reviewed journal published monthly, provides a forum for prompt publication of original investigative papers and concise reviews.

STEM CELLS is read and written by clinical and basic scientists whose expertise encompasses the rapidly expanding fields of stem and progenitor cell biology. STEM CELLS welcomes original articles and concise reviews describing basic laboratory Author: H. Verdain Barnes.

In this chapter, we will start by describing the cast of characters—the blood, the primary blood-forming (hematopoietic) tissues, and the secondary hematopoietic tissues that support the maturation and function of some of the elements of the blood—accompanied by a brief.

Leukocytes are white blood cells of the immune system involved in defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials. Five different and diverse types of leukocytes exist, but they are all produced and derived from a multipotent cell in the bone marrow known as a hematopoietic stem cell.

Mature blood cells have a finite life-span and must be continuously replaced throughout life. Blood cells are produced by the proliferation and differentiation of a very small population of pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that also have the ability to replenish themselves by self-renewal (Figure 1).

During. on the biology of blood cells in extant invertebrate taxa that have branched off the bilaterian tree in between insects and vertebrates. This review attempts, in a broadly comparative manner, to update the existing literature that deals with early blood cell development.

I begin by providing a brief survey of the different types of blood cell. Mutations in white blood cells can contribute to abnormal immune profile after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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Helsinki, Finland – Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a potentially life-threatening medical condition that is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the only curative treatment for various types.

Tissue Plasminogen Activator is released by injured endothelial cells and sub endothelial connective tissue. Converts Plasminogen to Plasmin.

Plasmin dissolves the fibrin clot.

Description The Blood cells and hematopoietic tissues PDF

CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Hematopoietic Diseases. This note covers the following topics: Introduction, Bone Marrow, and Blood Cells, Basic concepts of hematopoiesis, Lymphoproliferative Disease, Several methods of classification of lymphomas, Feline Lymphoma, Bovine Lymphoma, Equine Lymphoma, Pathology of the Hematopoietic System, Lympho/Myelo-proliferative diseases and Lymph nodes, Plasma cell.

The hematopoietic tissues arise from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) (Fig. ), and include bone marrow, peripheral blood, and certain lymphoid tissue. The lymphoid tissues make up the lymphatic system and include the primary lymphoid tissues of bone marrow and thymus, and secondary tissues of lymph nodes, spleen, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT).

Mesoderm-derived clusters of primitive hematopoietic cells - or blood islands - develop in close association with the endothelium of emerging yolk sac blood vessels. The co-expression of the CD34 surface molecule by hematopoietic cells within solid blood islands and by adjacent developing endothelial cells is.

Hematopoietic inductive microenvironments and the hematopoietic stem cell niche: a historical perspective. Blood cell production (hematopoiesis) is a dynamic process that requires the replenishment of more than 7 × 10 9 blood cells (leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets) per kg body weight per day.

Homeostasis of the hematopoietic system is considered to occur by the capacity of. The hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche is the anatomical location in which HSCs reside and self-renew.

The HSCs outside the niche do not self-renew and commence the process of differentiation to ultimately produce mature blood cells.

In recent years there have been a large number of studies performed to identify the cell types that comprise the hematopoietic stem cell niche, and. The organs and tissues that contribute to the production of cellular components of blood are the bone marrow, liver, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen.

The blood cells produced by these organs and tissues include the erythrocytes (red blood cells), leukocytes (white blood cells) and thrombocytes (platelets) (Hart, ).

Start studying Chapter 25 - Blood Cells and the Hematopoietic System. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. DEVELOPMENT OF BLOOD-FORMING TISSUES The developmental origins of hematopoietic cells are complex and incompletely understood. Cells with the properties of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) arise several times in different tissues during prenatal development, producing successive waves of hematopoiesis (Figure ).

The hematopoietic system entails all organs and tissues that are essential for the production of cellular components of blood and the blood cells.

The organs and tissues that contribute to the production of cellular components of blood are the bone marrow, liver, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen. Blood cells are produced in specialized tissues, called hematopoietic organs.

Hematopoietic organs generate blood cells in high numbers throughout the life time of the animal, implying that hematopoietic organs must contain, or be supplied with, self renewing stem cells.

Hematopoietic vitamins 1. HEMOPOIETIC VITAMINS (GMERS Medical College,Himmatnagar) 2. SOME BASIC TERMS: Hemopoiesis: Production of blood cells. A hematopoietic stem cell is a cell isolated from the blood or bone marrow that can renew itself, can differentiate to a variety of specialized cells, can mobilize out of the bone marrow into circulating blood, and can undergo programmed cell death, called apoptosis—a process by which cells that are detrimental or unneeded self-destruct.

Red blood cells or erythrocytes, primarily carry oxygen and collect carbon dioxide through the use of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron -containing protein that gives red blood cells their color and facilitates transportation of oxygen from the lungs to tissues and carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs to be exhaled.

Red blood cells are the most abundant cell in the blood, accounting for about. Location. Hematopoietic stem cells are found in the bone marrow of adults, especially in the pelvis, femur, and sternum.

They are also found in umbilical cord blood and, in small numbers, in peripheral blood. Stem and progenitor cells can be taken from the. Haematopoiesis (/ h ɪ ˌ m æ t oʊ p ɔɪ ˈ iː s ɪ s, ˈ h iː m ə t oʊ- ˌ h ɛ m ə-/, from Greek αἷμα, "blood" and ποιεῖν "to make"; also hematopoiesis in American English; sometimes also h(a)emopoiesis) is the formation of blood cellular components.

All cellular blood components are derived from haematopoietic stem cells. In a healthy adult person, approximately 10 The multipotent hematopoietic stem cells give rise to many different cell types, including the cells of the immune system and red blood cells.

Differentiation When a cell differentiates (becomes more specialized), it may undertake major changes in its size, shape, metabolic activity, and overall function. Adult Hematopoietic Tissue. In adults, hematopoietic tissue is involved in the proliferation and maturation of blood cells. Numerous organs and tissues contribute to this process, including the bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and thymus.

The bone marrow contains developing erythroid, myeloid, megakaryocytic, and lymphoid cells. Myeloid tissue, in the bone marrow sense of the word myeloid (myelo-+ -oid), is tissue of bone marrow, of bone marrow cell lineage, or resembling bone marrow, and myelogenous tissue (myelo-+ -genous) is any tissue of, or arising from, bone marrow; in these senses the terms are usually used synonymously, as for example with chronic myeloid/myelogenous leukemia.

All of the cell types in the peripheral blood and some cells in every tissue of the body are derived from hematopoietic (hemo: blood; poiesis: creation) stem the hematopoietic stem cell is damaged and can no longer function (e.g., due to a nuclear accident), a person would survive 2–4 weeks in the absence of extraordinary support measures.

Medical terms. Tumors of the hematopoietic (blood cell forming) and lymphoid tissues are local growths. Hematopoietic and lymphoid malignancies are cancers that affect the blood, bone marrow, lymph, and lymphatic system.

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As the blood and lymph connect through both the circulatory system and the immune system, a disease affecting one will often affect the others as well.Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues.

Return to the Histology Tutorial menu. Bone Marrow. Early in fetal life, hematopoiesis begins as red blood cell precursors appear in the yolk sac at 2 weeks gestation.

In the first trimester, hematopoiesis can be found in the spleen.Hematopoietic tissue is highly prolific; all blood cells are derived from a common pluripotential hematopoietic stem cell capable of both self-renewal and further differentiation into committed stem cells. The cells undergo sequential divisions as they mature and the mature cells have limited life spans.